Light is a vital elements for perfect photography as it is called the controller of a photography. Rational people think that, light used to get bright or dark photos. A professional photographer must know that, uses of light uses to determine tone, mood and atmosphere rather only brightness or darkness. It is very important to control light to get proper texture, color vibrant and subject’s luminosity. This article is important to a photographer as we will discuss about 03 rules of lighting including uses of soft lights.
Three (03) Rules of Lights:
Rule 1: Light Travels in Straight Lines. Lights are important for different interactions of an object. A reflector uses to reach a ray in an un-straight base to reflect another un-straight base.
Rule 2: A subject receives less light as the light source is moved further away. Light comes in different angles from a single source. A photo may seem to be blurring due to less illumination. As per inverse square law intensity is infinite to 1 by square of its distance. If you double the distance of your light you will get wider subject.
Rule 3: The larger the light source, relative to our subject, the softer the light. Usually larger the light source has more access to 3D subject head. It also provide lights to the side of a 3D subjects. Lower the light source has limited access to any subjects. Larger the light source cause lower the shadows, suppresses texture and cut down contrasts. Rays of Lights from a broader source may hit a subject from multi dimensions. It is not mandatory to have a professional lighting setup on your own photography. You may set your subject near a large window where sufficient lights are available instead of directs light of sun.
Three Point Lighting for Portrait Photography:
The main elements are Main Light (for key), fill light, back light & subject. The main and fill light may located in front of subject and back light may locate behind the subject. The main light is very important as it is more powerful light among three lights and this light is treated as key light. This light is used to highlight the dimension and form of subject. Key lights also may important for a moving subject at suitable moment. Another light is fill light which located at opposite side of key light and erase shadow creates from main lights. It has half brightness as only two lights are there. A back light may treated as head light as it set over head from back side of an object. Setting up three lights at three points makes 3D photos with proper texture, color vibrant and subject’s luminosity. The main key light set up left hand side of the object with 45 degree to get stylish photos with one sided brightness and darkness on another side. The second light which is known as fill light should set on right hand side of the subjects to get brightness from both left and right side. As brightness of fill light is half of key light, you will get less brightness on right hand side. Another light is known as back light or head light. This light increases brightness from upper side. When a professional photographer uses three (03) lights at a same point of time, the photo represents as a perfect 3D photo as desired of a photographer.
Finally it is very important for a photographer to know where lighting should be placed in Photography. In case of lightened background you can place your light anywhere in front of subject. In case of limited lights in background you must give attention towards light setting.